The color of human urine does not always remain ordinary: it depends on several factors that affect the human body.
What is the color of urine?
Normally, the options for shades of human urine can be different. A healthy person can have both pale and yellow bright urine. Hue depends on the amount in the urine urochrome, that is, the pigment, on which depends how concentrated the urine will be. This pigment is produced by the decay of hemoglobinthat carries oxygen in red blood cells.
Color also depends on age: in a child, urine is lighter, in an adult - a more saturated color of urine. In infants, light yellow urine is excreted, and in a newborn baby, urine is an almost colorless liquid.
What color of urine a person has depends on metabolic activity, as well as on how much fluid the body removes. If a person drinks a lot of fluids, the color of the urine will be transparent. Therefore, the more concentrated the urine, the more saturated its color. If the body is very dehydrated, the urine may be amber in color.
Why does urine color change?
Thus, a healthy urine color can vary. A change in the color of the urine of a healthy person is usually temporary, and manifests itself as a result of the use of drugs, certain foods or dyes. If there is a suspicion of the development of a pathological condition, what normal color of urine in an adult should be consulted with a doctor. Indeed, serious changes in the color of urine may indicate the development of infectious diseases and other serious ailments. However, the person himself is able to determine what color healthy urine is by comparing all changes with the usual shade of urine.
With genitourinary infections, in addition to a change in the color of urine, a person may have other symptoms, although often such diseases pass without other signs. However, with urinary tract infections, there may also be constant urge to urinate, abdominal pain, burning sensation in the process urinating, chills, fever, weakness. Urine can have not only a discolored color, but also a pungent odor.
You should pay attention to those changes in the color of urine that are noticeable to the naked eye.
The reddish color of urine in men and women does not always indicate serious health problems. The red color of urine is mainly associated with the presence of red blood cells in it. As a rule, such bleeding quickly disappears, so red urine is only a temporary phenomenon. However, if a reddish color appears constantly, then this symptom indicates a serious illness. In medicine, reddish urine that appears as a result of blood entering it is called hematuria. This symptom can accompany diseases of the prostate gland in men, the appearance of kidney or bladder stones, and oncological diseases of the genitourinary system.
It should be noted that the reddish color of urine is often also associated with the food that a person consumed. Dishes from beets, blackberries, and rhubarb can color the urine pink. Urine also turns red under the influence of a number of toxins, in particular, due to poisoning with mercury, lead.
Sometimes urine turns orange. Often, women are seriously worried why the orange color of urine during pregnancy appears from time to time. In fact, this symptom is often caused by the most common causes. This shade can occur after eating certain foods, food additives. First of all, these are carrot dishes that contain a large amount of carotene. Urine of orange color is observed in those who take more quantity Vitamin C. Why bright orange urine appears in a person during the treatment of certain diseases, explains the use of certain drugs. It is separate antibiotics, warfarin, phenazopyridine etc. It should be noted that the orange color of urine can also indicate dehydration, as in this case, urine becomes more concentrated.
If a woman's urine color changes during pregnancy, then both physiological reasons and the development of some pathologies can explain this. A change in the color of urine during pregnancy occurs if, in the early stages of pregnancy, the expectant mother suffers from severe toxicosisas a result of which dehydration of the body is noted. Also, the reasons for the change in the color of urine in pregnant women are often associated with the nutritional features of the future mother's drinking regime. But if a woman has the slightest suspicion that urine color changes are associated with diseases, she needs to immediately consult a doctor who will prescribe the necessary laboratory tests.
If a person has a blue and green color of urine, then such manifestations can also be associated with taking medications and some products. For example, a greenish color of urine appears after eating asparagus. Blue and yellow-green color of urine appears after treatment with drugs urised, amitriptyline, tagamet, methindole, also after taking some multivitamin complexes.
In rare cases, blue urine is observed in children who suffer familial hypercalcemia. This is a hereditary disease in which blood levels of calcium are elevated.
The dark color of urine with a smell in men and women occurs both against the background of the use of certain products (legumes, rhubarb), and as a result of taking a number of drugs. Urine of dark brown or dark orange color appears after taking antimalarial drugs, after treatment with some drugs used to eliminate genitourinary infections, as well as after taking drugs that contain hay, cascara and metoclopramide.
What does darkening of urine mean, you should definitely understand if a person suffers from liver ailments. Dark urine appears when cirrhosis, hepatitis. Also, a dark brown shade of urine can acquire with acute glomerulonephritiswhen the kidneys do not remove enough slags and excess fluids.
You can not ignore this symptom to expectant mothers. If the urine acquires a brown or dark red color during pregnancy, you should definitely consult a doctor, as this may involve bleeding.
In addition, brown urine during pregnancy sometimes indicates impaired liver or kidney function. Urine of red-brown color may be a sign of infectious diseases. To establish a diagnosis and determine exactly why the urine is brown in women expecting a baby, allows tests. It should be understood that the uncharacteristic color of urine during pregnancy can be both a sign of the disease and an absolutely normal physiological phenomenon. Therefore, it is better for a future mother to always tell her doctor about her observations and suspicions.
Sometimes a person may also be bothered by why a cloudy color of urine is detected under certain circumstances. Turbid white urine may be a sign of urinary tract infections. If fatty degeneration of the kidney occurs, pus and fats appear in the urine. As a result, urine becomes a whitish hue.
If the transparency of the urine is cloudy, and at the same time it contains impurities of mucus, then we can talk about the development of diseases of the kidneys, bladder, urinary tract. Sometimes urine transparency is incomplete with progression cystitis in a woman or prostatitis in a man. Also, slightly turbid urine in a woman can come out after intercourse, if all the rules of personal hygiene have not been observed.
It should be noted that in some cases, clouding of urine is possible in normal health conditions, for example, after visiting the sauna, in very hot weather, with excessive use of protein products. If the influence of these factors is eliminated, then the state gradually normalizes and full transparency is noted. If a person goes to the doctor with this symptom, and subsequently it is found that a urine test for transparency is normal, then it was a question of clouding under the influence of physiological factors.
Sometimes brown urine appears in older men. If this phenomenon is noted regularly, it is necessary to consult a urologist, since often brown urine in men indicates development prostate adenomas.
How to normalize the color of urine?
If you suspect that the color change in the urine is pathological, you should contact a specialist who is involved in the treatment of urinary tract pathologies. At the doctor’s appointment, it is important to tell him in detail about the medicines that have been used recently, about the features of nutrition, and also to answer other questions of the specialist in detail.
The doctor conducts a physical examination, prescribes laboratory tests of urine and other studies, depending on the characteristics of the symptom.
If there is a violation of the color of urine, then the cause of this phenomenon is initially determined, and only after that a treatment regimen for the underlying disease is prescribed.
It is also important to pay attention to some features of the lifestyle. It is undesirable to allow dehydration. If the urine becomes dark, it is important to replenish the lost fluid by adjusting the drinking regimen. Diseases causing this symptom should be prevented. In particular, to prevent the development of a urinary tract infection, sufficient fluid intake, regular urination after the appearance of the first urge, and proper genital hygiene will help. To prevent the appearance of kidney stones, it is important to limit the amount of protein food and salt in the diet.
In addition, smoking cessation, protection against the effects of toxic chemicals, healthy and active life should be mentioned as prevention methods.